medical BLOG | DATE- 2022-03-26

How To Write A CV| For Ethiopian Job Seekers

Did you graduate recently and are searching for a job? Well, one of the documents you need to provide to the companies that are going to recruit you is your curriculum vitae, or CV. A CV is usually an employer's initial impression of your professional and academic credentials, so it's vital to organize it in a way that effectively showcases your accomplishments and experience.

In this article, I offer detailed instructions on building a fantastic CV that can help you stand out to organizations, along with easy-to-follow samples. 

The content applies to any profession but some sections are specifically tailored for medical professionals. 


What is a CV?

A CV—short for the Latin phrase "curriculum vitae," meaning "course of life"—is a detailed document documenting your work and academic experience. CVs generally include information like work experience, achievements and awards, scholarships or grants you’ve achieved, training, research initiatives and publications of your work. A CV is generally two or three pages long, but it’s not unusual for it to be much longer for mid-level or senior job applicants, as it acts as a complete account of one’s career accomplishments.


Writing a CV

Writing a CV involves organizing your content into six main segments. They include:

1. Contact information

Your contact information is the first element of the CV and serves as the header of the document. It sits at the top so that interviewers can contact you easily. The section should contain only the following elements:

Do not include the following in your contact information:

2. Personal statement/profile

A personal statement (or CV personal profile) is a concise statement at the beginning of your CV that summarizes your top skills and the attributes you will bring to the post. Mention skills, experience, and achievements relevant to the job. The personal profile is not mandatory sometimes. If you add it, keep the profile well-written and original. Include positive phrases such as "confident," "adaptable," "self motivated," and "energetic."

Your CV personal profile should:

The following should not be on your CV personal statement:

Example- "Self-motivated pharmacist with 10+ years of experience. I'm looking to harness my strong clinical research skills as a lead clinical test evaluator for Adigrat Drug Co. I have organized a  clinical  trial  with  2000 participants to investigate the effect of an estrogen supplement on ovarian cancer in women and trained 20 clinicians on the use of big data for pharmaceutical analysis. "

3. Work experience

The job experience area allows the interviewer to examine your professional history and its relation to their role. Outline your experience in reverse-chronological sequence (most recent first). If you have little or no practical understanding of the profession, education should come before this section.

Your job experience section can include up to 15 years of experience and provide the following information:

Your work experience should not include:

Many people simply write their responsibilities next to the position. While this is OK, you should always aim to write on your successes and accomplishments instead. It's a lot more actionable as well, and gives the recruiting manager a sense of how you may benefit their firm.

If you want to assure them that you’re going to be the perfect fit, find out what talents and duties are specified in the position and make sure you place them in the relevant sections of your CV. Look for the talents and responsibilities they’re searching for in the job description and customize your CV accordingly.

4. Education

List your education and dates from the most recent to the oldest. If you have more than two years of relevant work experience, you can highlight all of your post-secondary educational qualifications, including the name of the degree and institution.

In the education section, you can include:

When perfecting your education section, here are a couple of things you should keep in mind:

     If you don’t have any work experience, mention your education section first.

    If you have a university degree, don’t mention your high school at all.

   Mention your GPA only if it’s notable (anything between 3.5 -4.0).

5. Skills

The skills section describes your accomplishments at previous jobs, like the key skills you developed and experiences that apply to the job. The skills to include in this section depend on the industry, position and your personal background. Research the skills relevant to the industry or position and read the job description carefully and then consider your hard and soft skills.

Usually, job qualifications already include what they’re looking for in terms of skills and all you’d have to do is tailor your CV to the qualifications list.

There’s one other type of skill section that you can list within your CV, and that is universal skills. This includes skills that fit in the description or requirements of most career fields - such as MS office, teamwork, analytical thinking, and more. No matter what job you’re applying for, these skills will typically come in handy at some point.

List only 4 to 8 skills relevant to the role including job-specific skills, soft skills and hard skills. Some examples include:

Skills required for Pharmacists

  1. Analytical skills
  2. Ability to think critically
  3. Strong numerical skills
  4. Attention to detail
  5. Problem-solving
  6. Observation skills
  7. Communication and social skills

Skills required for Nurses

  1. want to help people
  2. be practical
  3. have good time management skills
  4. have an ability to get on well with people from a wide range of backgrounds
  5. have good emotional/ mental strength
  6. have good observational skills
  7. have the ability to act on your own initiative
  8. be willing to take responsibility
  9. be able to stay calm in stressful situations
  10. have a mature approach

Skills required for Midwives

  1. an understanding and caring attitude
  2. an ability to get on well with people from a wide range of backgrounds
  3. emotional and mental strength
  4. good observation
  5. an ability to act on own initiative
  6. patience
  7. maturity
  8. willingness to take responsibility
  9. an ability to cope with distressing situations and to stay calm in stressful situations

Skills required for Laboratory Technicians

  1. Critical thinking
  2. Investigative skills
  3. Problem solving skills
  4. The ability to maintain and calibrate technical equipment
  5. Time management skills
  6. Excellent communication skills
  7. Teamwork skills
  8. Patience
  9. Attention to detail

Skills required for Medical Doctors

  1. Ability to work long hours, often under pressure
  2. Good practical skills
  3. Ability to solve problems
  4. Effective decision-making skills
  5. Leadership and management skills
  6. Communication skills, compassion and a good bedside manner
  7. Drive to continue learning throughout career
  8. Analytical ability
  9. Time management

Skills required for Medical Radiologic Technologists

  1. Analytical
  2. Critical thinking
  3. Customer service
  4. Flexibility
  5. Identifying and responding to emergency situations
  6. Interacting effectively with a diverse clientele
  7. Maintaining patient confidentiality
  8. Manual dexterity
  9. Precision
  10. Prioritizing workflow

Skills required for Anesthesiologists

  1. Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying.
  2. Reading Comprehension - Understanding written paragraphs in work related documents.
  3. Monitoring - Assessing performance of yourself or organizations to take corrective action.
  4. Critical Thinking - Using reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions.
  5. Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  6. Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions.
  7. Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges or dials to make sure a machine is working properly.
  8. Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Additional skills for all

  1. Foreign languages
  2. Technical skills where relevant
  3. Certified skills
  4. Consider also mentioning your proficiency level such as Basic, Intermediate, Advanced or Expert for every skill on your list.

6. Additional sections (targeted to your audience)

Additional sections targeted toward your audience can include professional certifications, publications, industry awards and extra training—anything that is relevant to who’s reading your CV. This is a chance to stand out so use the space wisely to showcase your unique achievements.

If you are a student, you can list your volunteer experience and academic achievements. Mention things you can discuss in further detail at the interview.

It may be appropriate to include hobbies and interests on your CV if you have limited work experience.

You can mention specific non-work activities in an entry-level CV if they portray you as a good fit for the employer, such as activities that demonstrate your dedication to a cause the employer works with or allow you to practice skills you use on the job.

What should you consider before you write a CV?

1. Choose the right font type and size

Your CV should be legible and easy to follow. To improve readability, it's best to choose a sans-serif font between 10 and 11 points. It should be clean and simple without much detail or decor.

Here are several examples of good fonts for your CV:

 • Arial

 • Avenir

 • Calibri

 • Helvetica

 • Verdana

2. Check your margins

A good rule of thumb is to keep your margins between .5 - 1 inch. Margins that are too large will leave too much white space while margins that are too small can make the page look busy and overfilled. Both may be distracting or off-putting to recruiters and hiring managers.

3. Utilize your space effectively

CVs can become lengthy, especially if you’ve been in your industry for several years and have amassed a great deal of experience. To ensure you’re using space effectively and your CV is easy to read, consider using the following techniques:

4. Proofread

Before you send your CV to employers, take time to carefully check your spelling, grammar and syntax. A clean, error-free CV increases readability and demonstrates professionalism. Recruit a trusted friend, family member or colleague to review your resume. A fresh set of eyes often catches mistakes you may have missed.

A well-composed CV shares all the most essential information employers need when considering you for job opportunities. By making sure your CV is comprehensive, correctly formatted and easy to read, you’re one step closer to landing the job you want.


Why you need to use a CV Builder

Most people use the default Word templates to create their CVs. The problem with that is that these default templates are often bland and lifeless. You want your CV to stand out, not fit right in with the rest of them.

     Microsoft Word is for writing an essay in university, not for creating a resume.

CV builders help you build a CV for free (you can get a premium version if you’re looking for the extra push). These come with plenty of customization, so, even though you work with a template, you get to personalize it to your heart's content.

Below are some CV builders we highly recommend

Europass CV Builder





WRITTEN BY - Hiwot Endale-Medical Laboratory Technologist

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WRITTEN BY - Hiwot Endale

Medical Laboratory Technologist


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